Things You Should Know About Engineering
Engineering is one of the most fascinating, meaningful, and in-demand careers of our time. And yet, there are still so many misconceptions about what engineers do and don’t do.
Applying science and math to solve problems is what engineering is all about.
Science and math are two of the most important subjects that you need to study if you want to become an engineer. Engineering is all about finding solutions to problems, and science and math are essential tools to help you do that.
Many Engineers also Choose to Pursue Advanced Degrees
There are many reasons why engineers may choose to pursue advanced degrees.
- For some, it is a way to deepen their knowledge in a particular engineering area.
- It may be a way to broaden their skillset and become more versatile engineers.
- And for others still, it may be a way to move into management or leadership positions.
How to Become an Engineer: Education and Training
The education and training needed to become an engineer might range significantly depending on the type of engineering that one chooses to pursue. Generally speaking, though, most engineers need at least a four-year college degree in engineering. Some jobs may require a master’s degree or even a Ph.D.
Most engineers also need to be licensed by the state where they work. To get a license, engineers must pass two exams: the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam and the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) exam.
The Most Popular Engineering Fields
There are many engineering fields, but some are more popular than others. Here are the most popular engineering fields:
Mechanical engineers design and build machines and devices, from simple tools to complex machinery. They may also work on vehicles, heating, cooling systems, or medical devices.
Civil engineers design and oversee the construction of infrastructure projects like bridges, roads, dams, and buildings. They may also work on environmental projects or disaster relief efforts.
Electrical engineers design and oversee the construction of electrical systems for all kinds of purposes, from power generation to communications to transportation. They may also work on electronic devices or control systems.
Chemical engineers design and oversee the production of chemicals and other materials used in various products and industries. They may also work on developing new chemical processes or improving existing ones.
The Top Engineering Firms in the World
The top engineering firms in the world include AECOM, Jacobs Engineering Group, Bechtel Corporation, and Fluor Corporation.
AECOM is a global firm that provides professional services in planning, consulting, architectural and engineering design, construction management, and operations and maintenance.
Jacobs Engineering Group is a global professional services firm that offers a wide range of services, including architecture, engineering, construction, operations and maintenance, and scientific and technical consulting.
Bechtel Corporation is a global leader in engineering, procurement, and construction with a focus on infrastructure projects such as energy, water/wastewater treatment plants, roads/bridges/tunnels, hospitals/schools/universities, airports/transit systems, and oil & gas pipelines.
Fluor Corporation is a global leader in the design-build-operate-maintain (DBOM) model for complex projects across multiple industries, including oil & gas production facilities, power plants; mining & metals processing facilities; transportation infrastructure; life sciences & pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities; data centers; and semiconductor fabrication plants.